The Companion of the Liberation Communities
which created the Order of the Liberation specifies that the Order
is meant to "reward individuals, military and civil organizations
for outstanding service in the effort to procure the liberation
of France and the French Empire". General De
Gaulle, thus awarded the Cross of the Liberation to five French
by decree, 11 November 1941.
by decree, 4 May 1944.
by decree, 24 March 1945.
by decree, 4 August 1945.
- ILE DE SEIN
by decree, 1 January 1946.
The first cit that received the Cross
of the Liberation was Nantes, on November 11th, 1941, and later
Grenoble in May of 1944. Following the first two were: Paris, in
March of 1945, accompanied with the following note of praise, "A
capital city that is loyal to itself and to the rest of France";
a village called Vassieux-en-Vercors, in August of 1945 - 72 villagers
were massacred and all of its houses were burned by a merciless
enemy; finally, the city of Ile de Sein - in June of 1940, almost
the entire male population old enough to go to war chose to go and
join the Free French Forces in England.
FRIENDSHIP AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE
COMPANION OF THE LIBERATION CITIES
On the initiative taken by general
Jean Simon, Chancellor of the Order, the five cities decided to
come together by making a friendship agreement, aimed at ensuring
continuity of the Order and creating special ties between their
respective inhabitants and associations. This agreement was ratified
on December 3rd, 1981, by Mr. Jacques Chirac (Mayor of Paris), Mr.
Hubert Dubedout (Mayor of Grenoble), Alain Chenard (Mayor of Nantes),
Alain Le Roy (Mayor of Ile de Sein), Jacques Roux (Mayor of Vassieux-en-Vercors).
The five mayors also decided to create
an "Association of the five Companion of the Liberation Communities",
with each one of the mayors taking turns to preside the Association,
and with the aim to "ensure the continuity of the traditions
of the Order of the Liberation and to preserve the memory of the
Companions who are deceased; to organize - on June 18th and November
9th of each year - ceremonies to commemorate the historic Appeal
and the death of General De Gaulle; attend to the Museum and the
archives of the Order of the Liberation in due course".
In the future, when most of the Companions
of the Liberation will be gone, these five communities will play
an important role in ensuring the continuity of the Order of the
Liberation, thanks to the institution of a Council provided for
by the Law of 26 May 1999: the National
Council of "Companion of the Liberation" Communities.
Companions of the Liberation
Last updated: March 15th, 2004
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